Depression increases heart failure risk by 40 percent
Moderate to severe depression increases the risk of heart failure by 40 percent, a study of nearly 63,000 Norwegians has shown. During the study period nearly 1,500 people developed heart failure. Compared to residents with no symptoms of depression, people with mild symptoms had a 5% increased risk of developing heart failure and those with moderate to severe symptoms had a 40% increased risk.
Moderate to severe depression increases the risk of heart failure by 40%, a study of nearly 63,000 Norwegians has shown. The findings were presented for the first time today at EuroHeartCare 2014.EuroHeartCare is the official annual meeting of the Council on Cardiovascular Nursing and Allied Professions (CCNAP) of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). This year’s meeting is organised jointly with the Norwegian Society of Cardiovascular Nurses and is held 4-5 April in Stavanger, Norway.Ms Lise Tuset Gustad, first author of the study and an intensive care nurse at Levanger Hospital in Norway, said: “We found a dose response relationship between depressive symptoms and the risk of developing heart failure. That means that the more depressed you feel, the more you are at risk.”She added: “People who have lost interest in things they used to enjoy, such as reading or watching a television series, may have the early signs of depression. It’s a good idea to see your doctor in these early stages for some advice on how to reduce your depression levels.”This is one of the first large, prospective studies to investigate whether depression increases the risk of developing heart failure. Data were collected during the second wave of a large epidemiological study in Nord-Trndelag county, Norway, called the Nord-Trndelag Health Study (HUNT study). Nearly 6,000 of the 97,000 citizens in the county agreed to take part.When the second wave of the HUNT study began in 1995, information was collected including body mass index, physical activity, smoking habits and blood pressure. Depression was assessed and ranked for severity using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Every Norwegian citizen receives a unique 11 digit number at birth which is used at hospitals and the National Cause of Death Registry. The researchers used this number to track which patients were hospitalised with heart failure or died from heart failure during the 11 year study.During the study period nearly 1,500 people developed heart failure. …
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